A bill sponsored by Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney (D-New York) and Congressman Darrell Issa (R-California), The Research Works Act (H.R.3699), is intended to prohibit federal agencies from requiring public online access to grant-funded research results. (Currently NIH has such a requirement.)
TaxpayerAccess has started a letter-writing campaign opposing this bill, and scientists who value the NIH open-access policy may want to add a letter of their own to this.
There is a good explanation of the advantages in scientific education to having open-access literature, especially for community colleges, on the Discovering Biology in a Digital World blog: Raising the barriers: restricting access to scientific literature will hurt STEM education.
The International Society for Computational Biology has an official policy supporting such open-access policies for funding (see my post ISCB open access policies and the official policy statement). Perhaps the President of the ISCB needs to write a letter in opposition to HR 3699.