Gas station without pumps

2018 December 16

I may be self-publishing forever

Filed under: Circuits course — gasstationwithoutpumps @ 11:25
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Sigh, just as I’m finishing my textbook, I find out that publishers don’t want new textbooks. I did have one feeler from Springer, whose book prices are high and royalties low, and they wanted me to provide camera-ready copy. What were they going to do as publishers, other than keep almost all the money?

I have been self-publishing drafts of the text book in PDF format through LeanPub. I can sell the text for about $10 and make more money per book than if a publisher sold it for $80.  I have a new version that I tried to put up on LeanPub last Thursday, but I ran into a problem on their web site in changing the URL, and I’m waiting for them to fix it.  They were able to reproduce the problem and have told me that fixing it is a high priority, so I’ll probably be able to release the new version early this week (maybe 2018 Dec 17 or 18).

My big problem for the textbook is marketing (whether self-publishing or through traditional publishers)—how do textbook authors get other instructors aware of their book and willing to try it in a course?  Because my book takes a somewhat different approach to teaching electronics than the standard university course (which does about a year of applied math and circuits before doing any design), it isn’t a direct replacement for existing texts, but requires some redesign of curriculum.  That makes it an even harder sell, though I think that my design-early approach to teaching engineering is more in line with pedagogical research.

Project Baseline

Filed under: Circuits course — gasstationwithoutpumps @ 10:58
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This month I joined a research project, Project Baseline, that is collecting detailed medical information on 10,000 subjects across the US.  I’ve not joined as a researcher, but as subject.

I wish I could tell you precisely what the goals of Project Baseline are, but none of their materials are very clear about that. The name suggests that they are trying to collect information about what results to expect from medical tests for asymptomatic patients—so many of the standard medical tests are only applied to people who are already ill that there is little idea what the results would be for a normal person.  Because the study runs for 4 years for each subject, they may also be looking for early-warning signals from tests—do any of the tests predict problems up to 4 years in advance?

The structure of the study is fairly straightforward—each subject gets extensive medical tests on an annual basis, wears a watch that monitors pulse and motion, and keeps a sleep monitor in their bed.  The selection of subjects is pretty broad: almost any US resident 18 or older who can get to one of the study sites is eligible.(You have not be allergic to nickel or metal jewelry, be able to speak and read English or Spanish, not work for Project Baseline, and be willing to share health information with them.)

I’ve been wanting to do a bunch of baseline fitness and health tests for a few years, but the retail cost of them has been prohibitive—with Project Baseline, not only were the tests free, but they pay me a tiny stipend for participating.  They also issued me a fancy watch for the pulse monitor and ECG and a sleep monitor to put under my mattress.

The watch, a Verily Life Sciences “Study Watch” has a nice E-ink display, but the firmware (BASELINE 000.048.009.BSL) is set up to make it less useful to me than my previous watch, a dime-store Casio model.  The study watch shows me only the date and time—and the time only to the nearest minute and only in 12-hour, not 24-hour format.  My dime-store watch showed seconds, could be set to 24-hour mode, and could be used as a stopwatch—none of which is possible with the study watch.

The wristwatch supposedly has an accelerometer for step counting—not a very useful feature for someone whose main aerobic exercise is bicycling. They should make an ankle bracelet for bicyclists—one that doesn’t look like the GPS ankle monitors worn by felons.  In any case, the step counter feature is not very useful, as the watch has no bluetooth synchronization, and only updates records when it is returned to its charging station.  That limitation makes it rather weird that the step count information is available only through a phone app, and not the Project Baseline web portal.  Because I don’t have a cellphone (and don’t see it as worthwhile to get one to view day-old step information), I have no access to this data record either.

The study watch is taking my pulse continually—it has a pair of green LEDs on the back of the watch that sample at 30 Hz (600µs on, 32.733 ms off).  It will also do a 1-minute ECG recording whenever I request one, which I’m supposed to do at least once a day.  Unfortunately, it never tells me my pulse nor is there anywhere I can look up either the pulse recordings or the ECG recordings, both of which I would find very interesting.  I’d really like to know what my pulse gets up to on my commute up the hill in the morning, and how long it takes to recover afterwards.  That information is being sent to Project Baseline, but they are not sharing it with me.

Similarly, the under-mattress sleep tracker is recording something about my sleep that I would be interested in knowing, but I have no access to that data either.

I had two 4–5-hour sessions of medical tests in Palo Alto as part of the study.  These seemed to focus mainly on cardiovascular tests, though there was a large panel of blood and urine tests also, and I had to ship them a bowl full of frozen poop by FedEx.

The first day included measuring my ankle-branchial index (the ratio of systolic blood pressure in the ankles to systolic blood pressure in the arms), to check for peripheral vascular disease.  One part of that is interesting, in that they listen to the blood flow with an ultrasonic Doppler-shift probe, which allows them to listen to a single artery at a time, presumably with more accuracy than just using a stethoscope.

They also took about 300 mL of my blood in many tiny tubes.  They ended up having to stick me three times: the first time the phlebotomist missed the vein, the second time they got only halfway through the tubes before the blood clotted enough to seal off the puncture, and the third time they managed to finish (though that puncture was the most painful of the lot).  I was not impressed with the competence of the phlebotomist—I’ve had less discomfort from the bigger needles of blood donations.

Other samples collected that day included urine, saliva (for oral microbiome I think, but possibly for genetic tests), tears, and swabs of ears, nose, inside cheeks.

They also took a 12-lead ECG, which I did not get to see.

They also spent a lot of time trying to get my medical history recorded.  I had brought detailed notes (which I left with them), but they had to enter it all into Google Forms, which seemed very poorly chosen for the task.

The second visit included some simple strength and balance tests, timed walking, vision screening, photos of cornea and retina, pulmonary function (including gas exchange), an echocardiogram, a stress EKG and echocardiogram, CT scan of my chest, and chest X-ray.  The timed walking consisted of some very short timed walks at low speed and high speed, then a 6-minute walk in the corridor at “normal speed”.  The person measuring that thought I might have set a course record in their hallway at 630m, but that is only 6.3 km/h or 3.9 mph, which not a particularly fast walking pace.  I suspect that many people find it difficult to walk at a normal pace when you have to reverse direction every 20m.

The pulmonary function and echocardiogram tests were the most interesting—it was particularly cool to see my heart beating and the false color showing the flow rate of the blood through the valves.

This is the MicroGard II mouthpiece that was used for the pulmonary tests.

The commercial mouthpiece used in the pulmonary function test might be useful for student lab kits next year, in place of the PVC elbow and barbed connector that the students currently use for their breath-pressure measurements.  The cost per student would be about the same, but I would have to make adapters as lab equipment—the circular tube fits tightly in a 1″ PVC slip connector, so it would not be difficult to make the adapters, but it would cost about $100 to make 25 adapters with barbed connectors and a 2mm vent hole.  The main advantages to using the commercial mouthpiece are that it has a filter to prevent cross-contamination, that it holds the mouth comfortably open, that it comes with a nose clip to prevent air leakage through the nose, and that it is a standard medical component, and so will seem more real to students.  The main disadvantage is that students would not get to practice using the drill press to drill the 2mm holes in the PVC elbows.  Of course, they would still get to drill holes in Lego bricks for the pulse-monitor lab.

The stress ECG and echocardiogram involved walking (and starting to jog) on a treadmill until the cardiologist thought I was working hard enough and had me immediately lie down to get an echocardiogram with my heart pounding.  I believe that the intent was to get me up to my maximum heart rate, but I don’t think we achieved that, as I was not feeling that I was going all out when the cardiologist started telling me to stop any time. I got my heart rate to 163 bpm (which is over the normal guideline of 220 − age in years), but I think I could have gone higher.  If they do the test again next year, I’ll have to tell the cardiologist not to hint at when to stop but to just keep increasing the treadmill speed until I call a halt.

They were supposed to administer a hearing test, but I don’t remember getting one.  It has been about a year since I last was tested by an audiologist, but I don’t think that there has been much change since then.  If they want the data, they can probably access my medical records.

Project Baseline has sent me a few results from the lab tests.  All the numerous blood and urinalysis standard lab tests came back in the normal range, except the cholesterol test—and I already knew about my cholesterol.  Besides which, the blood tests were not done fasting, so the cholesterol test was rather useless anyway—I did not bother adding it to my cholesterol records.

They also sent me some results from my CAT scan, which were again mainly normal: the biggest reports were that I had no spleen (which I knew already) and that I may have had a viral infection in my lung (I did have a cold that week).  The main thing they were looking for, calcification in the heart and arteries, came up with 0 calcium scores, though they also reported “trace focus of atherosclerotic calcification in the left anterior descending artery” and “calcifications of the aortic valve”.  Aortic valve calcification is a common condition in older adults, but “usually doesn’t cause significant heart problems, but requires regular checkups to make sure your condition isn’t worsening” according to the Mayo Clinic.  I suspect that Project Baseline will be doing those regular checkups for the next few years, but after the study ends I’ll have to make a point of having my valves checked every few years.

The chest X-rays did tell me something I didn’t know—I have “azygos fissure”, which occurs in 0.4–1.2% of the population (different sources give different frequencies, depending on how the estimate was made).  An azygos fissure is a result of a normal variant in embryonic development, in which the right lung grows around the right posterior cardinal vein, one of the precursors of the azygos vein, instead of the vein moving to the left as the lung grows. It generally is of no clinical significance, unless thoracic surgery is needed or it gets misinterpreted as something else when images are read.

2018 December 7

Slow progress on editing book

Filed under: Circuits course — gasstationwithoutpumps @ 23:38
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On Nov 25, I listed the global editing left to do (except for the first step, which was done):

  • sweep through the index—standardizing entries, adding new ones, making sure that entries pointed to all relevant parts of book.
  • sweep through figures—checking size, positioning, and (where relevant) figure credits
  • check coherence of lab instructions for each lab.  Some specific point editing may have left inconsistencies.
  • sweep through full text looking for important sentences or paragraphs that need to be highlighted with “important” boxes.  (I started adding the boxes last year, but I have not done a sweep of the whole book looking for where they are needed.)
  • check for overfull hboxes (bad line breaking)
  • check for widow and orphan lines (bad page breaking)
  • spell check all files.

I thought that I might be able to power through the editing and be done by Nov 30.But here it is Dec 7, and I’m less than half way through doing the “important-box” sweep (250 out of 534 pages done). I have gotten the figure credits done, and I’ve fixed most of the figures in the first 250 pages.

I also redid a couple of figures—one was using old Bitscope-generated data, when I could now get much more and much cleaner data with the Analog Discovery 2.  The other one I fixed was a fairly recent one showing ringing in a Schmitt trigger inverter that had capacitive feedback—I made it clearer by increasing the feedback capacitance to make the ringing last longer.

I also cleaned up the instructions for the thermistor lab and the hysteresis lab.

Because I feel I need to release some version of the book next week for the BME 51A class, I’m probably going to end up doing two releases—one next week and one the first week of January.  I’d like to get at least the important-box sweep and spell check done through page 354 (the end of BME 51A), which I should be able to manage before next week’s release.

There are still 10 overfull hboxes (1 in a chapter title, 4 in the reference list, and 5 in the index), with the worst overfull boxes in the reference list.  The problem is partly with the inflexible spacing of bibliography entries and partly with hard-to-break urls.  Since the worst of them is only 17 points too wide, I may not bother fixing them.

I’ve not even looked to see whether there are widow and orphan lines—though I have set the penalties for them high and set \raggedbottom, so LaTeX should avoid making them. 

I’ve not done any spell checks yet—I’ll start that after I’ve made any more major modifications through page 354.  I did spot and fix a few typos while doing the sweep for important boxes.

2018 December 1

Loud restaurants

Filed under: Uncategorized — gasstationwithoutpumps @ 16:06
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We ate out last night at a more upscale place than we usually eat at: Gabriella Cafe. It has been a few years since we last ate there, so we were not prepared for how loud it was. Even with my new hearing aids (Sound World Solutions Sidekick), I had a very hard time hearing my wife sitting across a very small table from me.

In fairness, it was a chilly, rainy night so they were packing everyone inside rather than using their outdoor seating, and Friday night is probably busier than our usual night for eating out, so all restaurants are probably noisier on Friday nights. (Lately, we’ve been eating out on Tuesdays, though the schedule may change when classes start up in January, as I have lab sections late afternoon Tuesdays and Thursdays, and so I may not be able to get home at a consistent time.)

Although the food was quite good at Gabriella Cafe, the experience overall was not pleasant enough to justify the price—if I go there again, it will be on a warm summer weekday evening, so I can sit outside and be able to have a conversation.

I just read an article in The Atlantic,  How Restaurants Got So Loud, which echoes my feelings:

Rather, I’d welcome a return of a more relaxed and serene dining experience, one in which I can hear my dinner companion, avoid drinking too much, and dodge a stress headache following an after-work drink.

There are restaurants in downtown Santa Cruz where one can have a pleasant evening still—Mandarin Gourmet and Café Limelight are nearly always quiet, for example.

I think that with the growing number of baby boomers with hearing aids, there will be a return to quiet dining as a feature of upscale restaurants, as the difficulty of conversation in loud restaurants is the number-one complaint of hearing-aid users.

Thirty-first weight progress report

Filed under: Uncategorized — gasstationwithoutpumps @ 15:06
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This post is yet another weight progress report, continuing the previous one, part of a long series since I started in January 2015.

My weight is getting perilously close to the point where it was before I decided to diet.

This past year has been a disaster for weight control.  I’m hoping that when classes start again in January and I bike up to campus 5 days a week that my weight will come back down.

I think that part of the problem with both summer and fall is that I stayed home more, which means much less exercise and more snacking. For September–November 2018, I only averaged 2.22 miles/day on my bicycle.

I also stopped running in mid-September, because my right hip started aching. I’ve not been able to figure out whether the ache is in the bone, the joint, the ligaments, the tendons, or the muscles.

It still aches, particularly after I’ve been sitting and working at the computer for a while.  I’ve been thinking of trying jogging again to see if it makes any difference to the ache—if not, I’ll probably start doing short distances again when the weather is good.

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